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Madu River is a shallow water body located in southern coastal area and it enters to the sea from “Balapitiya” . Madu River famous for Mangroves and the small islands located in the river with different sizes. Madu river is in 03rd Place in Ramsar Wetland Listing in Sri Lanka.
The mangrove lagoon in Madu River joined to the sea by a narrow canal and containing 15 islands of varying size, some of which are inhabited. It is formed of two shallow waterbodies, Maduganga and smaller Random Lake, connected by two narrow channels. On the islands and shores relatively undisturbed mangrove vegetation contains a rich biodiversity qualifying the wetland for 7 Criteria of International Importance.
The cultural heritage is very prominent, with numerous ancient temples in the area and on the islands. Maduganga helps in flood control by storing water during monsoon rains and retains nutrient run-off from nearby cinnamon plantations. The major occupation of the local people is fishing and agriculture (cinnamon and coconut).
Madu River Wetland governed by the Department of Wildlife Conservation has declared a sanctuary on the 17th of July 2006.
36 Number of islands has been declared clearly identified Madu million. 39 hectares (100 acres) large mahadūva of the main and the biggest Duwa. Galmaṁ Duwa 30 hectares (75 acres) in size are consistent. Relics of ancient temple is located. Dik Dūva, Meema Duwa, Hon Duwa, Dimi Duva, eravana Duwa, Nai Duwa, Muwan Duwa, Werala Duva, Gal Duwa, kaṭu Dūva, Maḍa dūva, Gōna dūva, Thiniya Duwa and are the other well-known islands. The“Satha Pahe Duwa” also well known as it’s the smallest island and it has built a small building.
Mādugan̆ga for which a separate homeland traditional lagoon fishing and fishing culture of the island internal.The National boxes, nets cache, Further Resources, such as hitting karakgeḍi endemic fishing industry since the past. Pools are common in the construction of the boxes for the national shrimp catch. Such widespread during the night fishing.
The Unforgettable Experiences.
During the boat ride in Madu River, you can be witness of the beauty of the untouched mangroves and the beautiful islands which full of biodiversity.
You can experience the famous Fish therapy while at the boat ride. The Facilitators set-up several artificial cage ponds in the natural river the doctor fish are grown there. You can get into the floating stage from your boat and sit and put your legs into the pond. Hundreds of Fish comes and gently nibble the dead skin of your legs. They provide fish food also. Once you feed them, hundreds of them comes and fight for it.
Islands in the Madu River are famous for native cinnamon farmers and some islands are fully occupied by the cinnamon Industry. The daily income of the villagers are by producing Cinnamon oil and there are islands Known as Cinnamon Village.
Koth Duwa Temple
There are several islands in the Madu River with Buddhist Temples. Kothduwa Temple is known as the oldest and most famous temple. This has a unique history and when you visit there, you can get more details from the monks living there. Also there are Buddhist Transcripts written in Ola Leafs available in the temple which ar old thousands of years.
Satha Paha Duwa
Satha paha duwa is the smallest Island in the Madu River and there can be seen the remains of a Hindu Temple which was built in the island long years ago.
There’s a belief that the Snakes which found in the area around Madu River are being taken to this island and released. Nai is the Sinhala word for snakes and people believe this island is full of snakes.
Madu River is Famous for it’s Mangroves. There are 302 species have been identified here Mangroves and 14 species have been identified by the World Conservation Union has been evaluating biodiversity. Most varieties foudnin Madu Ganga are common and they are Kadol, Maha kaḍol, Mal Kadol, Pun Kanda, , Goda Kirala, Gin pol . From mangroves, Ratamilla were only found in Madu River and is a very rare species.